Here are the advantages and disadvantages of pneumatic systems. pneumatic are most widely used in every industry.
Advantages of Pneumatic
• Infinite availability of the source
Air is the most important thing in the pneumatic system, and as we all know, air is available in the world around us in unlimited quantities at all times and places.
• Easy channeled
Air is a substance that is easily passed or move from one place to another through a small pipe, the long and winding.
• Temperature is flexible
Air can be used flexibly at various temperatures are required, through equipment designed for specific circumstances, even in quite extreme conditions, the air was still able to work.
The air can be loaded more safely than it is not flammable and does not short circuit occurs (konsleting) or explode, so protection against both of these things pretty easily, unlike the electrical system that could lead to fires konsleting.
The air around us are tend to clean without chemicals that are harmful, and also, it can be minimized or cleaned with some processes, so it is safe to use pneumatic systems to the pharmaceutical industry, food and beverages and textiles.
• The transfer of power and the speed is very easy to set up
Air could move at speeds that can be adjusted from low to high or vice versa. When using a pneumatic cylinder actuator, the piston speed can reach 3 m / s. For pneumatic motors can spins at 30,000 rpm, while the turbine engine systems can reach 450,000 rpm.
• Can be stored
The air can be stored through the seat tube fed excess air pressure. Moreover, it can be installed so that the pressure boundary or the safety of the system to be safe.
• Easy utilized
Easy air either directly utilized to clean surfaces such as metal and machinery, or indirectly, ie through pneumatic equipment to produce certain movements.
Disadvantages of Pneumatic
• Requires installation of air-producing equipment.
Compressed air should be well prepared to meet the requirements. Meet certain criteria, such as dry, clean, and contain the necessary lubricant for pneumatic equipment. Therefore require installation of pneumatic systems are relatively expensive equipment, such as compressors, air filter, lube tube, dryer, regulators, etc.
• Easy to leak
One of the properties of pressurized air is like to always occupy the empty space and the air pressure is maintained in hard work. Therefore we need a seal so that air does not leak. Seal leakage can cause energy loss. Pneumatic equipment should be equipped with airtight equipment that compressed air leaks in the system can be minimized.
• Potential noise
Pneumatic using open system, meaning that the air that has been used will be thrown out of the system, the air comes out pretty loud and noisy so will cause noise, especially on the exhaust tract. The fix is to put a silencer on each dump line.
• Easy condenses
Pressurized air is easily condensed, so before entering the system must be processed first in order to meet certain requirements, such as dry, have enough pressure, and contains a small amount of lubricant to reduce friction in the valves and actuators.
Expected after knowing the advantages and disadvantages of the use of compressed air we can make the anticipation that these losses can be avoided.