Check valves are designed to prevent the reversal of flow in a piping system. These valves are activated by the flowing material in the pipeline.
The pressure of the fluid passing through the system opens the valve, while any reversal of flow will close the valve. Closure is accomplished by the weight of the check mechanism, by back pressure, by a spring, or by a combination of these means.
The general types of check valves are swing, tilting-disk, piston, butterfly, and stop.