Head type flow meters

In these head type flowmeters, some devices is inserted into a pipe carrying fluid. It obstructs the flow of fluid and creates a pressure difference on either side of the device. The most commonly used devices are as follows:

  1. Orifice plate.
  2. Venture plate.
  3. Flow nozzle.
  4. Doll flow tube.
  5. Pilot tube.

The basic principle of all such devices is that due to obstruction, the velocity of the fluid increases and the pressure decreases. Then the volume flow rate is proportional to the square root of pressure difference across the obstruction. To measure pressure difference, diaphragm based differential pressure transducer is used.