Tuning a cascade control Loop


cascade control Loop

Tuning a cascade control scheme is similar to tuning a normal PID controller, but, because the primary controller is only connected to the process through the secondary controller, it has to be done in a fixed order:

  1. Connect the secondary controller to the process, but disconnect the primary from the secondary (i.e. leave the secondary so that its setpoint can be set manually).

  2. Tune the secondary controller as a normal PID controller. Often secondary controllers are tuned using only proportional action - the secondaries are usually connected to very fast processes allowing high gains to be used. These high gains minimise the amount of steady-state offset which appears (and any residual offset will be removed by the primary loop).

  3. Once the secondary is tuned, connect the primary controllers output to the secondary controller’s setpoint.

  4. Tune the primary as a normal PID controller. At this stage you should not touch the secondary controllers tuning constants - if you do you will change the ‘process’ the primary sees and muck up any tuning you have done!


Tuning of Cascade Loop consists of these steps 1. Always check for measurement and valve-related issues.2. Inner Loop Tuning - put slave into Local Auto or Manual and tune the slave controller as a normal PID loop.3. Outer Loop Tuning - put slave into Cascade and tune master controller as a normal PID loop.4. Adjust outer loop tuning values to ensure that the RRT (Relative Response Time) of outer loop is3-5 times slower than the inner loop.

Tuning of ratio Loop consists of these steps

1- Put master controller to manual mode and tune the PID of secondry control loop including (Transmitter, control valve)

2-if not ok then check primay transmitter.