Types of Flow

In general, we come across two types of flow in liquid flow Measurement operations.

Laminar flow: This type of flow occurs at very low velocities or high viscosities. In this, the liquid flows in smooth layers with the highest velocity at the center of the pipe and low velocities at the boundary (wall) of the pipe where the viscous forces hold it back.

Turbulent flow: It takes place at high velocities or low viscosities. In this, the liquid flow breaks up into turbulent eddies which flow through the pipe with the identical average velocity. In this type of flow, fluid velocity is not much significant, and the velocity profile is a lot more uniform in shape.