As the level rise’s and material begins to cover the sensing element the capacitance level sensor within the circuit between the probe and the media
(conductive applications) or the probe and the vessel wall (insulating applications) increases. This causes a bridge misbalance, the signal is demodulated (rectified), amplified and the output is increased.
Capacitance Level Sensor Theory
Capacitance techniques are capable of operation at extremes of temperature and pressure.
They work well for materials that won’t leave a coating. Usually only a single tank penetration is required.
Capacitance systems are intrusive. Have problems with varying dielectric materials and those media’s, that coat the sensing element. Thus users are normally limited to water-like media.
Even acids and caustics that don’t appear to coat the sensing element are so conductive that the thin film they leave can cause serious errors in measurement.
Most users’ realise the limitations of Capacitance level measurement, such as the large errors caused by coatings. This has led to a decrease in the number of these systems in operation.
Other technologies such as FMCW radar and in particular RF Admittance have now gained acceptance due to high levels of reliability and accuracy.