Types of Igniter in Power Plant


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Igniter Classification.

Igniter: A permanently installed device that provides proven ignition energy to light off the main burner.

Class 1 Igniter. An igniter that is applied to ignite the fuel input through the burner and to support ignition under any burner light-off or operating conditions. Its location and capacity are such that it will provide sufficient ignition energy, generally in excess of 10 percent of full load burner input, at its associated burner to raise any credible combination of burner inputs of both fuel and air above the minimum ignition temperature.

Class 2 Igniter. An igniter that is applied to ignite the fuel input through the burner under prescribed lightoff conditions. It is also used to support ignition under low load or certain adverse operating conditions. The range of capacity of such igniters is generally 4 percent to 10 percent
of full load burner fuel input.

Class 3 Igniter. Asmall igniter applied particularly to fuel gas and fuel oil burners to ignite the fuel input to the burner under prescribed light-off conditions. The capacity of such igniters generally does not exceed 4 percent of the full load burner fuel input.

Class 3 Special Igniter. A special Class 3 high energy electrical igniter capable of directly igniting the main burner fuel.

Reference:

  1. NFPA 85 Boiler and Combustion Systems Hazards Code (Edition 2007)